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Overpayments Overview

Overpayments occur when a party receives funds to which they are not entitled or in which the supporting receipt has been withdrawn, such as returned checks or IRS take-backs. Overpayments can occur due to, but not limited to incorrect balances or balance types, returned checks, IRS take-backs, delayed notification of custody changes (legal or physical), and intergovernmental issues.

Overpayment balances are different than child support balances. Unlike child support balances, overpayments do not accrue interest. Overpayments are separated into obligations based upon when the overpayment was built (this is referred to as the Recognized Date in OSIS). These obligations can be viewed on various screens in OSIS (see Screen Key documents & resources document).

There are two sections of Policy that refer to overpayment creation and recovery procedures. For more information see: OAC 340:25-5-305.

There are four types of overpayments: Retained Support, Erroneous (inactive), Cash Medical Erroneous, and Bad Debts.

Once an overpayment is recognized, custodial person (CP) and non-custodial parent (NCP) debtors are mailed paperwork notifying them of the amount, how to request an administrative review, and how to repay the overpayment.

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